Весенний семестр 2011 – 2012 гг. 2 курс. Elementary Экзамен - davaiknam.ru o_O
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Весенний семестр 2011 – 2012 гг. 2 курс. Elementary Экзамен - страница №1/3

Весенний семестр 2011 – 2012 гг.

2 курс.

Elementary

Экзамен.

1. Перевести тексты

Hello, People of Thailand!

Whatever country we come from, whatever colour our skin is, we all have one thing in common: we are all people of the world.

Thailand is a beautiful country with a rich culture, just south of China. People call it “the jewel of south-east Asia” for a good reason. Its tropical climate, white sandy beaches and ancient temples make it a perfect holiday destination. What makes it really special, though, is its people.

Thai people are good-looking. They are short with delicate features. They have got black hair, dark eyes and light brown skin. The Thais are friendly people who are well known for being generous and kind. “We are happy people who have strong wills and are especially proud of our history,” says Kasem from Bangkok.

Most people in Thailand live in villages. A typical Thai village consists of wooden houses, a school and a Buddhist temple. Most of the people in the villages are farmers and fishermen. The men usually work in the fields or catch fish in the rivers, and the women plant the crops.

Family life is very important in Thailand, and families often eat together. Thai food is very spicy and includes curries, fish, seafood, soups and noodles, “We eat rice with our meals and use a lot of strong spices in our cooking,” explains Kasem.

Thai people love to enjoy themselves. Popular free-time activities include Thai boxing and watching traditional dance shows. Thais also celebrate many festivals throughout the year. “My favourite holiday is Surin, in November, when we always have elephant football matches,” says Kasem.

Thailand is a wonderful country. Its fascinating sights, rich cultural history and warm-hearted people make it unique.
From Rags to Riches

Liza Smythe is a successful British singer. Her smiling face appears on the covers of international magazines, and every year she travels to many parts of the world to perform concerts for millions of fans.

However, life used to be very different for this bright young star from Liverpool. “Eight years ago,” says Liza, “I lived in a small terraced house with my parents and three brothers. It was very cramped! We didn’t have a lot of money, so I used to work as a cleaner at the local hospital to make ends meet. I used to buy my clothes from second-hand shops. I was quite plump back then, because I liked eating chips and chocolate. In my free time I used to sing in the college choir or go for walks on the beach. I didn’t use to go to clubs because they were very expensive. I used to listen to the radio a lot, though. I learnt all the words to every pop song and people hired me to sing at parties. My friends liked my voice a lot, so they persuaded me to send a cassette to a record company. That’s how it all started for me. Three weeks later, I received a phone call from the company and my life changed completely.

Today, Liza lives in a large house with a big garden just outside London with her husband and young daughter. She is much slimmer now, and looks very elegant in her designer clothes. She is constantly on a diet and goes to the gym every day to keep her body in shape. In her free time she enjoys going to the theatre or to parties.

Liza’s lifestyle has changed a lot since those days in Liverpool. “I think I’m very lucky to lead the life I do today. It is not easy, though, because I don’t have the privacy that I used to have. Still, I have a lovely family and a very promising career. What else could I ask for?” she says.
What Do The Stars Eat?

Film stars are everyone’s favourite subject. People love to talk about what they’re wearing, who they’re dating, and how much money they make. But have you ever wondered about what they eat?

Chefs and caterers on film sets have the answers. “Every actor has different eating habits,” says chef John Sharp. “Some stars love meat, while others are strict vegetarians who don’t eat meat, eggs, or fish. Some stars love junk food, while others are constantly on a diet and eat only healthy foods.”

Ninety-nine per cent of the time, actresses are on a diet and insist on eating only low-fat foods. During the filming of Now and Then, Demi Moore ate nothing but Basmati rice, steamed baby spinach, green beans with lemon, and turkey sandwiches on whole meal bread. During the filming of Twister, Helen Hunt only ate low-calorie foods, including poached eggs, dry toast, and steamed brown rice with vegetables.

Other stars love to eat junk food, and never count calories during their meals. Eddy Murthy’s favourite food is Kentucky Fried Chicken. Whoopi Goldberg doesn’t worry about how healthy her diet is, and loves fatty bacon sandwiches with lettuce, mayonnaise and lots of butter.

One thing for sure is that cooking for the stars is never easy, because they are often fussy eaters. “They want food fixed exactly the way they like it and always have something to complain about,” says caterer Susan Tate. Bill Murray won’t eat watermelon with seeds in it, and Mickey Rourke insists on freshly-squeezed carrot juice twice a day, but he won’t drink it if it sits more than six minutes.

Cooking for the stars is hard work, but few of these caterers ever think about changing jobs. “I love my work,” says Susan Tate. “Where else can I see what Michelle Pfeiffer eats for breakfast or what Al Pacino has for a snack?”
2. Монологические высказывания
Travelling

1. Last summer I went to Moscow. I went there by train. I stayed with my friends. They live in the centre of Moscow. I visited many sightseeings: Red Square, St.Basil’s cathedral, Kremlin, the Tretyakov Gallery, the museum of Fine Arts.

Then I went shopping and bought trendy clothes. The weather was fine. In the evenings I and my friends walked around the city. We drank cocktails, listened to music and danced in the cafes. That was fun. I had a good time in Moscow. I want to come back next year.

2.All our family went for a holiday to Turkey last year. The summer was wonderful. In the morning we went to the beach and swam in the sea. We didn’t lie on the beach long. The sun was very hot. In the evening we ate at the restaurants and then we went dancing. We saw the sights and took a lot of pictures. We met a lot of interesting people. We didn’t spend much money as we didn’t go shopping. We had a lot of fun, we had a nice time. Now we often look at the pictures and always smile.


Special occasions

My birthday is on the 6th of July. I always celebrate my birthday because I have many friends and relatives. I call my friends and relatives to invite them to my birthday party. I decorate my flat and cook tasty food. I usually have ten or twelve guests every year. They come at 7 o’clock in the evening. They congratulate me and give presents, cards and flowers to me. We cook roast meat and potatoes, different salads and a cake for dinner. We drink wine and juice. We usually listen to music, dance and talk. We sometimes watch TV or play different games. We have fun.


3. Тест

1. He always ……… home at 7 o’clock.

a) come b) comes c) is coming

2. When …….. (she/see) him in the office yesterday?

a) did she saw b) do she see c) did she see

3. We ………. to the party on Saturday.

Would you like to come?

a) going b) go c) are going

4. My English is ……… now than it was a year ago.

a) bad b) worse c) badder

5. They ………. (not/stay) at luxury hotels when they are on holidays.

a) don’t stay b) doesn’t stay c) isn’t stay

6. It ………. now.

a) is rain b) rains c) is raining

7. He ………. school when he was sixteen.

a) leaves b) left c) leaved

8. Luxembourg is …….. country in the world.

a) richer b) the most rich c) the richest

9. I ………. my friends for a long time.

a) didn’t see b) don’t see c) haven’t seen

10. I have known Svetlana …….. 2008.

a) since b) for c) from



4. Контрольная работа

A. Поставьте глаголы в Present Simple or Present Continuous.

1. Tom _______ ( travel ) all over the world at present.

2. They _______ ( relax ) right now.

3. ____________ ( you/believe ) in ghosts?

4. ____________ ( this box/belong ) to you?

5. Peter and Susan __________ ( fly ) to Madrid on Tuesday.

6. What _________ ( you/ think ) about?

7. His sister _________ ( have ) three cups of coffee every morning.

8. What kind of music ________ ( she/listen ) to at the moment?

9. John always _________ ( get up ) late on Sunday.

10. Rick usually _________ ( buy ) souvenirs when he _______ ( go ) on holidays.
B. Adverbs of frequency. Поставьте наречия в предложения.

1. I don’t stay in on Saturdays. (usually)

2. Does Mary study in the library? (often)

3. Jack drives into the city centre. (rarely)

4. Are your parents away on the weekdays? (always)

5. Laura forgets to feed her cat. (never)

6. Rose and Dave travel abroad for their summer holiday. (sometimes)

7. Does Cathy visit her grandparents? (often)

8. Linda and Sue are late for class.(never)

C. Поставьте глаголы в Past Simple.

1. When …….. (they/build) it?

2. The band …….. (become) popular in the 1960s.

3. They…….. (not/appear) on the show yesterday.

4. What …….. (the festival/be) like?

5. He …….. (can) write at the age of four.

6. Where …….. (they/release) their album?

7. He …….. (not/play) well at the concert yesterday.

8. The film …….. (not/be) interesting.

9. When …….. (she/die)?



D. Поставьте глаголы в Present Perfect.

1. ………. (you/ever/be) to Egypt?

2. He ………. (never/fly) in a Concorde.

3. He ………. (never/try) sushi.

4. It’s the first time we ………. (visit) an old castle.

5. Why ………. (you/not/finish) your homework yet?

6. She ………. (already/receive) four faxes.

7. He doesn’t know how Steve is. He ………. (not/see) him recently.

8. The cat is not hungry. I ………. (just/feed) it.

9. She ………. (not/find) her bag yet.

10. ………. (Jane/get) a job yet?

E. Выберите правильную форму глагола (be going to or will).

1. – It’s cold in the room, isn’t it?

- Just a minute! I ………. (turn on) the heating.

2. – Your car is getting old.

- I know! I ………. (buy) a new one in a few months.

3. – Is this your guide book?

- Yes. I ………. (visit) some museums this weekend.

4. – Where are you going?

- I ………. (get) some bread from the bakery.

5. – Could you help me with my homework?

- Of course! I ………. (help) you when I get home.

6. – Would you like me to cook something for you?

- No thanks! I ………. (have) dinner with friends later.

7. – We ………. (watch) a movie later on. Do you want to come over?

- Okay! I ………. (come) over at about nine.

8. – Would you prefer tea or coffee?

- I ………. (have) a coffee, please.

F. Comparative and superlative adjectives.

1. Kiev is (old) than Moscow.

2. This exercise is (difficult) than that one.

3. This is (comfortable) room in my flat.

4. He is (strong) in the whole school.

5. Thailand is (sunny) than Norway.

6. This hotel is (expensive) in the city.

Грамматический справочник

1. Present Simple

2. Adverbs of frequency

3. Present Continuous

4. Present Simple and Present Continuous

5. Past Simple

6. Comparative and Superlative adjectives

7. Present Perfect

8. Future Simple and be going to

1. Настоящее простое время (Present Simple ).

Употребляется:

1)для выражения действий, происходящих всегда, часто, обычно, переодически –

I go to the University every day.

2)для выражения общеизвестных истин – The Earth moves round the Sun.

I/ You/ We/ They work.

Do I/ you/we/ they work ?

I/ you/ we/ they don’t work.

He/ she / it works.

Does he/she/ it work?

He/she/ it doesn’t work.

2. Наречия частотности ( Adverbs of frequency ).

100% 0%

always

usually

often

sometimes

never

В предложении наречия частотности стоят перед смысловым глаголом.

I always get up early.

He usually has coffee for breakfast.

We don’t usually watch TV in the evening.

Do they always get up early in the morning?

Однако в предложениях с глаголом to be эти наречия ставятся после глагола to be.

He is usually at his office in the morning.

I am always busy.



3.Настоящее продолженное время ( Present Continuous).

Употребляется:

1) для выражения действия или состояния, происходящего в момент речи.

I am studying now.

2) в настоящий период времени – Could you give me this book to read?

Sorry, my sister is reading it. – а также со словами today, this season – Jack is playing football this season.

3) для выражения отдельных, намеченных на ближайшее будущее действий – We are leaving for New York on Friday.

4) для описания меняющихся ситуациях и состояний – The population of China is rising very fast. Настоящее продолженное образуется с помощью вспомогательного глагола to be и смыслового глагола с окончанием -ing.



I am reading a book now.

He/she/it is reading a book now.

We/you/they are reading a book now.

Am I reading a book now.

Is he/she/it reading a book now.

Are you/we/they reading a book now.

I am not reading a book now.

He/she/it is not reading a book now.

We/you/they are not reading a book now.




4. Present Simple and Present Continuous.

Present Continuous выражает длительное действие, происходящее в момент речи или в период, к которому этот момент относится: Look! They are going to school. (Смотрите! Они идут в школу сейчас.), а также используется в

значении будущего и выражает действия, запланированные в будущем: I’m playing football on Monday afternoon.



Present Simple выражает действие,

совершающееся постоянно: They go

to school every day. (Они ходят в школу

каждый день.), а также используется

в значении будущего, когда речь идет

о расписании транспорта, программах

и сеансах в кино и т.д.: The football

match starts at 7 o’clock.



5. Прошедшее простое время ( Past Simple ).

Употребляется для обозначения обычного, привычного действия, характерного для прошлого. Глаголы делятся на правильные и неправильные. Правильные глаголы образуют простое прошедшее время с помощью окончания - еd.



Work – worked, play – played.

Для неправильных используется 2 форма глаголов. Go – went , drink – drank.



I/ you/he/she/it/we/they worked yesterday.

Did I/ you/he/she/it/we/they work yesterday?

I/you/he/she/it/we/they didn’t work yesterday.

6. Степени сравнения прилагательных (Сomparatives and Superlatives).

Односложные и двусложные прилагательные, заканчивающие на –y, -er, -ow образуют сравнительную cтепень с помощью суффикса –еr, а превосходную с помощью суффикса –est.



Rich richer the richest

Happy happier the happiest

Остальные прилагательные образуют степени сравнения с помощью слов more для сравнительной cтепени и the most для превосходной степени.



Beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful

Имеется несколько исключений:



Good better the best

Bad worse the worst

Far further/farther the furthest/farthest

Many/much more the most

Little less the least

She is taller than her sister.

He is the youngest in his family.

7.Настоящее совершенное время (Present Perfect).

Present Perfect употребляется для выражения действия, законченного к настоящему моменту и связанного с этим моментом.

Present Perfect используется:

1) для констатации факта совершения действия без указания на время его совершения: I have written a letter.

2) когда указан период времени, который еще не закончился: today, this week, this month, this year: I haven’t seen Ann today.

3) с наречиями never (никогда), ever(когда-либо), just(только что), yet(еще), аlready(уже): Nick has just come back.

4) с обстоятельствами времени, указывающими на период, в течение которого происходило или могло происходить действие, начиная с какого-то момента прошедшего времени и вплоть до настоящего времени: lately(в последнее время), for a long time(в течение долгого времени), how long(как долго), so far(до сих пор), up to now(до настоящего момента), for three hours(в течение трех часов), since(с тех пор как): Have you been to the cinema lately?

Present Perfect образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to have и причастия прошедшего времени(Particle II) смыслового глагола. Particle II правильных глаголов образуется при помощи окончания -ed к неопределенной форме глагола: to ask- asked, to work – worked;

Particle II неправильных глаголов образуется чередованием звуков в корне (3-я форма глагола): go – went – gone, do – did – done.



I/You/We/They’ve

(have) worked

Have I/you/we/they

worked?

I/You/We/They

haven’t (have not) worked.

He/she/It’s

(has) worked.

Has he/she/it

worked?

He/she/It hasn’t

(has not) worked.



8. Будущее время. (Future Tense)

В английском языке существует несколько лексико-грамматических форм для обозначения будущих действий. Действия могут быть запланированные и незапланированные.



Will и инфинитив основного глагола без частицы to употребляется для обозначения незапланированных действий. Оборот to be going to употребляется для обозначения запланированных действий.

He will work.

He is going to work.

Will he work?

Is he going to work?

He will not work. He won’t work.

He is not going to work. He isn’t going to work.

Будущее время употребляется с такими словами, как tomorrow-завтра,the day after tomorrow - послезавтра, next week - на следующей неделе.

ТРЕНИРОВОЧНЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ

Present Simple

Упражнение 1. Поставьте глаголы в Present Simple.

1. - What ________ ( your mum/do) for a living ?

-She is a nurse. She _______ (take ) care of people in hospitals.

2. – I ________ ( not / like) travelling all the time.

-Really? I _______ ( not / mind ) it.

3. - _________ ( Carol / still go) to university?

- Yes, she does. She is in her last year.

4. – Where _______ ( Alex / live) ?

- He _______ (live ) at 17, Denver Road.

Упражнение 2. Поставьте глаголы в Present Simple.

1. Janet ________ (enjoy ) going to clubs on Friday evenings.

2. Mr.Wilson is a famous scientist who _______ ( give ) lectures every week.

3. Mike ________ ( catch ) the 8.30 train to work every morning.

4. They ________ ( not/stay ) at luxury hotels when they go on holiday.

5. Alice ________ (not/spend ) a lot of money on clothes.

6. _____________ ( he/usually/ride ) his motorbike to college?

Упражнение 3. Поставьте глаголы в Present Simple.

1. – Ben ______ ( sing ) well.

-I agree. But he _____ ( not/dance ) very well.

2. – What ______ ( Helen/ usually/do ) on Sundays?

- She _______( meet ) her friends.

3. - ________ ( Frank/know ) how to ride a bicycle?

- No, he ______ . He is only four.

4. - _______ ( Sue and Nick/work ) long hours?

- Not really. They ______ ( always/leave ) at 5 o’clock.

5. - __________ ( the train/always/arrive ) in New York at 7 am?

- It ________ ( be/often ) late.

6. – What ________ ( Mark/do )?

- He is a racing driver. He _____ ( drive ) fast cars.

Adverbs of frequency.

Упражнение 4. Поставьте наречия в предложения.

a) Fiona goes to Italy for her holidays. (sometimes)

b) Ali’s late for class. (often)

c) I train at the weekend. (always)

d) They’re busy on Sunday. (never)

e) Do you go to bed after midnight? (ever)

f) She’s at work until 7.30 p.m. (usually)

Упражнение 5. Поставьте наречия в предложении.

1. We visit our grandmother. (often)

2. My dog watches TV with me. (always)

3. Our teacher plays his guitar in class. (sometimes)

4. I write letters but I write a lot of e-mails. (never)

5. Do you play computer games? (often)

6. Parents don’t read books to their children. (often)

Present Continuous.

Упражнение 6. Поставьте глаголы в Present Continuous.

1. It’s 9 o’clock now. They ………. (listen) to the latest news.

2. Look at her. She ………. (hurry) somewhere.

3. Come to see me. I ………. (have a rest) now.

4. Where are the students? They ………. (have) their English lesson.

5. Don’t touch the dog. He ………. (eat).

6. ………. (you/watch) TV now? No, I ………. (read) an interesting book.

7. She ………. (not cook) now, she ………. (have a shower).

8. ………. (their parents/walk) in the garden now? No, they ………. (swim) in the pool.

9. Please, be quiet. I ………. (study).

10. Look! It ………. (rain).

11. Why ………. (you/wear) this coat today? It’s very warm.

12. Tom ………. (not work) this month. He is on holiday.

13. Listen! The people ………. (speak) English.

14. My sister wants to lose weight. She ………. (not eat) anything today.


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