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Саратова The Nicknames of the States of the usa секция Английский язык - страница №2/2
In 1788, New Hampshire became the 9th state. The capital of state – Concord. The slogan of state – “Live free or die”. The state was named for Hampshire, England, by Captain John mason. In 1830, the state was known as “The Granite State’ because the real significance of this name is to examine the land, people and history of New Hampshire and this nickname is still used today. Other nicknames have appeared as “The White Mountain State” and “The Mother of Rivers” (because of the many rivers, which start in the White Mountains).
In 1788, New York became the 11th state. The capital of the state – Albany. The slogan of the state – “Ever upward”. Origin of the name New York – the English took over of the area that had been called “New Netherland” in 1664, and renamed it New York to honor the Duke of York. Some have called New York “The Excelsior State”. This nickname comes from the slogan of New York. Also New York is called “The Empire Sate” because of its wealth and variety of resources.
In 1789, North Carolina became the 12th state. The capital of the state – Raleigh. The slogan of the state – “To be rather than to seem”. North Carolina was named to honor King Charles I. In 1844, the state was known as “The Tar and Turpentine State” and by 1859, the state was known as “Turpentine State”. The modern day nickname of the state “The Tarheel State” goes to the mid 19th century. This nickname is grounded, at least in part, in one of the state’s major products during the Colonial Era-tar. The tar was mad by slowly burning the wood of longleaf pine trees.
In 1907, Oklahoma became the 46th state. The capital of the state –
Oklahoma City. The slogan of the state – “Labor conquers all things”. The name Oklahoma is from the Indian words “Okla” meaning people and “Humma” meaning red. In 1889, the Indian Territory was opened to settlers. They raced into the territory to claim their land and they became known as “aggressor”. Hence, Oklahoma’s nickname today is “The sooner State”.
In 1859, Oregon became the 33rd state. The capital of the state – Salem. The slogan of the state – “The union”. The origin is unknown. It may have come from the French word Ouragan (which means Hurricane). Through the years, Oregon been called “The Sunshine State”, “Webfoot State” (because of the high level of rainfall). But since 1969, the state’s animal is the beaver, and gave it the nickname of state “The beaver State”.
In 1787, Pennsylvania became the 2nd state. The capital of the state – Harrisburg. The slogan of the state – “Virtue, liberty and independence”. This state was named to honor Admiral William Penn and his son. William Penn, Pennsylvania’s founder. One of the oldest nicknames is “The Keystone State” (from 1802). The industry of state gave it the nickname “The Coal State and Steel State”. Also this state is called “The Quaker State”. The Quakers is a religious movement, whose members are known as Friends or Quakers.
In 1790, Rhode Island became the 13th state. The capital of the state –
Providence. The slogan of the state – “Hope”. Rhode Island was named for the Isle of Rhodes (in the Mediterranean Sea). In 1847, the state was as “The Plantation State”. Since 1851, the smallest state is just called “Little Rhody”. It is used it times as a measure in relation to other areas or items.
In 1788, South Carolina became the 8th state. The capital of the state – Columbia. The slogan of the state – “While I breathe, I hope”. South Carolina was named to honor king Charles I. south Carolina has nickname “The Palmetto Palm” (a variety of fan palm) since colonial days. Other nicknames – “The Keystone of the South Atlantic” and “The Seaboard State”.
In 1845, Texas became the 28th state. The capital of the state – Austin. The slogan of the state – Friendship”. The Caddo Indians of eastern Texas called their group of tribes the “Tejas”, meaning those who are friends. Texas’ nickname “The Lone Star State” is derived from its flag (represented the desire of some Texas to join the United States).
In 1896, Utah became the 45th state. The capital of the state – Salt Lake City. The slogan of the state – “Industry”. The state is named for the Indians that lived in the region. The state has several nicknames. It is known as “The Beehive State” because the beehive was adopted, in 1847, as an official emblem and represents the qualities of industry. “The Deseret State”. This name was the colony from 1849 to 1850, because when the Mormons first came to the territory, they named the area “The Deseret” (a reference to the honeybee).
In 1791, Vermont became the 14th state. The capital of the state – Montpelier. The slogan of the state – “Vermont, Freedom and Unity”. Vermont is an English form of the name. It is known nickname “The Green Mountain State” because the French explorer Samuel de Champlain gave to Vermont’s Green Mountains on his map in 1647.
In 1788, Virginia became the 10th state. The capital of the state – Richmond.
The slogan of the state – “Thus always to tyrants. The state was named to honor Queen Elizabeth I of England. The state’s nickname is “The Old Dominion”. This nickname was given by King Charles II in recognition of Virginia’s loyalty to the Crown. Another nickname is “The Mother of Presidents” because it is the birthplace of 8th us presidents.
In 1863, West Virginia became the 31st state. The capital of the state – Charleston. The slogan of the state – “Mountaineers are always free”. West Virginia was named for Queen Elizabeth I of England. The state is known nickname “The Mountain State” because the Appalachian Mountains that cross the state. Another nickname – “Switzerland of America” because early settlers compared mountainous areas of the new land to the mountains of Switzerland.
In 1848, Wisconsin became the 29th state. The capital of the state – Madison. The slogan of the state – “Forward!” Wisconsin is from an Indian word that means “long river”. One of state’s nickname “The Badger state”, it was coined due to the prevalence of mineworkers in the state’s early. Another nickname is “The Copper State” (a reference to the northern copper mines).
My dad lives in America in the State of Illinois. Speaking to him on the telephone I asked him to interview some of his American friends and neighbours about the use of state nicknames. Thanks to his help and I’ve made the survey.
Here are some questions and the comments on his interview about this problem.
What do American people think about a nickname?
So, we have found out that American people know and are proud of their states’ nicknames, but they use them only on the signs, billboards, and cars’ numbers.
Nicknames are used on the cars’ numbers5
Brief description of modern states and their nicknames
The nicknames are of great interest from many different points of view. People of various professions are interested in them.
The necessity of examination of names and nicknames of places and things in the aspect of culture – oriented linguistics will have a positive influence on the knowledge of the progress of language, contemporary speech, literature and culture of English – speaking countries. More than that, this knowledge will be useful for students.
Nicknames depend on…
Plants which grow there
Animals which live there
Link with person’s characteristic
Link with history and government of the state
Link with minerals there
So, we see, that studying the history of the country helps us learn a lot of unusual facts. We sometimes do not think about the origin of the well - known names. In addition, if you find the information, then it will be easier to understand certain events in the country.
Ambrajechik A.A. 2000 Russian and English stories, the 4th collection, Minsk, “Popyrri”, 2009
Kachalova K.N. English practical grammar, Moscow, “Lad Com”, 2008
Kunin A.V. English-Russian grammar dictionary, Moscow, “Russian language”, 1984
Mullera V.K. English-Russian dictionary, Moscow, “Ripol classiak, 2009
Oshurkova I.M. English-Russian countries dictionary, “DROFA”, Moscow, 2002
Russian Yellow Pages, “Liberty”, New York, 1995
Баграмова Н.В., Воронцова Т.И. «Книга для чтения по страноведению. Соединенные Штаты Америки. Страна и люди», С-Петербург, «Союз», 1999
2 Баграмова Н.В., Воронцова Т.И. «Книга для чтения по страноведению. Соединенные Штаты Америки. Страна и люди», С-Петербург, Союз,1999
3 Russian Yellow Pages, “Liberty”, New York, 1995
4 Russian Yellow Pages, “Liberty”, New York, 1995
6 www.wikipedia.ru (nicknames of the states of USA)
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