Контрольная работа по иностранному языку (английскому) для заочного отделения - страница №1/1
Направление подготовки 050100 педагогическое образование
Профиль подготовки – изобразительное искусство, музыкальное образование
2. Письменные контрольные задания оформляются в отдельной тетради. На обложке тетради проставляется фамилия студента, номер контрольной работы.
3. Контрольная работа должна быть выполнена чернилами, аккуратно, четким почерком. В тетради для замечаний, объяснений и методических указаний преподавателя необходимо оставить широкие поля.
4. В конце работы должна быть поставлена подпись студента и дата выполнения задания.
5. Материал контрольных заданий следует располагать по следующему образцу:
6. Для проверки и рецензирования выполненную контрольную работу необходимо направить в университет в установленные сроки.
7. Если контрольная работа выполнена без соблюдения указаний и неполностью, она возвращается студенту без проверки.
Michelangelo: Genius of European Art.
Once there was a small boy in Florence who loved to watch painters and sculptors at work. He wanted to be an artist, but his father did not like the idea. Little did the man know his son Michelangelo would become one of the world's most famous artists.
Michelangelo began training as an artist at age 13. He was so interested in his art that he often forgot to eat and slept on the floor beside his unfinished artwork. He refused help, even on big projects, so some works took years to complete. Many were never finished.
Michelangelo worked in Rome and Florence. In Rome he was commissioned to carve a Pieta. This is a marble statue showing the Virgin Mary supporting the dead Christ on her knees. The finished work, known as the «Madonna della Pieta», made him famous. And in Florence, Michelangelo spent two years working on a huge block of marble.
From it he carved «David», one of the world's finest and best-known sculptures.
Between 1508 and 1512 Michelangelo created his most famous work, the paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome's Vatican. He painted much of the ceiling while lying on his back in a tight cramped position. The fresco paintings of figures and events from the Bible are huge and splendid. The wall behind the altar depicts the Last Judgment of humanity by God.
Michelangelo was so admired that he became the first European artist whose life story was written during his own lifetime.
2. Переведите выделенные слова. Обратите внимание, что некоторые существительные употреблены в тексте в форме множественного числа.
3. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:
1) Where was Michelangelo born?
2) When did he start training to be an artist?
3) How long did he work on his projects?
4) Where is «Madonna della Pieta»?
5) Who commissioned Michelangelo to paint frescos of the Sistine Chapel?
6) What does the wall behind the altar show?
7) Did Michelangelo become famous during his lifetime?
4. Сделайте письменный перевод текста.
Тексты для дополнительного чтения
Karl Bryullov was born on December. 12th (23), 1799 in St. Petersburg, in a family of the academician, the woodcarver and engraver Pavel Ivanovich Briullo. He felt drawn to Italy from his early years. Despite his education at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1809-1821), Bryullov never fully embraced the classical style taught by his mentors and promoted by his brother, Alexander Bryullov. After distinguishing himself as a promising and imaginative student and finishing his education, he left Russia for Rome where he worked until 1835 as a portraitist and genre painter, though his fame as an artist came when he began doing historical painting.
His best-known work, The Last Day of Pompeii (1830-1833), is a vast composition compared by Pushkin and Gogol to the best works of Rubens and Van Dyck. It created a sensation in Italy and established Briullov as one of the finest European painters of his day. After completing this work, he triumphantly returned to the Russian capital, where he made many friends among the aristocracy and intellectual elite and obtained a high post in the Imperial Academy of Arts.
An anecdote concerning Briullov appeared in Leo Tolstoy's essay «Why Do Men Stupefy Themselves?»
While teaching at the academy (1836-1848) he developed a portrait style which combined a neoclassical simplicity with a romantic tendency that fused well, and his penchant for realism was satisfied with an intriguing level of psychological penetration. While he was working on the plafond of St Isaac's Cathedral, his health suddenly deteriorated. Following advice of his doctors, Briullov left Russia for Madeira in 1849 and spent the last three years of his life in Italy. He died in the village of Manziana near Rome and is buried at the Cimitero degli Inglesi there.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. They became perhaps the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed act in the history of popular music. The band's best-known lineup consisted of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. Rooted in skiffle and 1950s rock and roll, the group later utilised several genres, ranging from pop ballads to psychedelic rock, often incorporating classical and other elements in innovative ways. In the early 1960s, their enormous popularity first emerged as «Beatlemania», but as their songwriting grew in sophistication, they came to be perceived by many fans and cultural observers as an embodiment of the ideals shared by the era's sociocultural revolutions.
The Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960. Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act and producer George Martin enhanced their musical potential. They gained popularity in the United Kingdom after their first single, «Love Me Do», became a modest hit in late 1962. They acquired the nickname the «Fab Four» as Beatlemania grew in Britain over the following year, and by early 1964 they had become international stars, leading the «British Invasion» of the United States pop market. From 1965 on, they produced what many critics consider their finest material, including the innovative and widely influential albums Rubber Soul (1965), Revolver (1966), Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), The Beatles (1968), and Abbey Road (1969). After their break-up in 1970, the ex-Beatles each found success in individual musical careers. Lennon was murdered in 1980, and Harrison died of cancer in 2001. McCartney and Starr remain active.
The Beatles are the best-selling band in history, with EMI Records estimating sales of over one billion units. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other act. According to the RIAA, as of 2012 they have sold 177 million units in the US, more than any other artist. In 2008, they topped Billboard magazine's list of the all-time most successful Hot 100 artists. As of 2012, they hold the record for most number-one hits on the Hot 100 chart with 20. They have received 7 Grammy Awards from the American National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and 15 Ivor Novello Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors. They were collectively included in Time magazine's compilation of the 20th century's 100 most influential people.