Урок по теме «Праздники в англоговорящих странах» - страница №1/1
- ознакомить с культурой англоговорящих стран;
- формировать уважение к культуре, истории, традициям, обычаям страны изучаемого языка;
- развивать навыки аудирования, навыки различных видов чтения;
- формировать умение активно работать в коллективе;
- развивать творческие способности обучающихся.
But today we will pay attention only to some of these festivals. Guess which holidays we are going to talk about. Complete these rhymes:
The skeletons are out tonight,
they march about the street,
With bony bodies, bony heads
and bony hands and feet.
Bony bony bony bones
with nothing in between,
Up and down and all around
they march on _________________.(Halloween)
I know so many secrets
Such secrets full of fun;
But if you hear my secrets,
Please don't tell anyone.
Here are some lights that twinkle,
Here is an ornament.
Here is a great big present
From Grandpa it was sent.
And on the very tip-tip top,
An angel you can see,
What is the secret? Can't you tell?
Why, it's a _______________ tree! (Christmas)
Now St. ____________ is here.
We greet his birthday with a cheer.
For happiness from friend to friend
Flies with the ___________ we send.
Today as _________ go out
To people near and far,
This one I'm sending right to you
To say how nice you are. (Valentine)
Now we will divide into groups. Each group will have to make their own cards and make up a poem using the given lines.
Учащиеся получают текст поздравительного стихотворения, в котором строчки перепутаны местами (известны только первая и последняя), а также чистые листы, цветные карандаши и фломастеры для создания поздравительной открытки. Задача каждой группы - подготовить поздравительную открытку и восстановить стихотворение. Данное задание может послужить своеобразной визитной карточкой каждой команды.
It`s Halloween! It`s Halloween!
The moon is full and bright
And we shall see what can`t be seen
on any other night:
Skeletons and ghosts and ghouls,
Grinning goblins fighting duels,
Werewolves rising from their tombs,
Witches on their magic brooms.
My Christmas Wish For You
My Christmas wish for you, my friend
Is not a simple one
For I wish you hope and joy and peace
Days filled with warmth and sun
I wish you love and friendship too
Throughout the coming year
Lots of laughter and happiness
To fill your world with cheer.
If I could be the postman
For just one single time,
I'd choose to carry Valentines
So lovely and so fine.
I would not mind the heavy load,
Or mind my tired feet.
If I could scatter happiness
All up and down the street.
На данном этапе каждая группа получает текст, содержащий информацию о том или ином празднике. Ребята должны постараться запомнить как можно больше информации. Можно привести перевод слов, понимание которых может вызвать затруднение у обучающихся, всё зависит от уровня подготовки ребят.
The history of Halloween goes back more than 2,000 years. The earliest celebrations of Halloween were among the Celtic people. The Celts were a group of people who lived in present day Ireland and England from about the 5th century BC. They believed that Halloween is a time when magic is most potent and spirits can make contact with the physical world. According to belief all kinds of witches and goblins wandered abroad on this night. On that day people lit bonfires to honour the sun god and to keep away evil spirits.
Nowadays Halloween is a festival of fun for kids and adults. People dress up as witches, skeletons and ghosts and go to masquerade parties. Such events take place on October 31.
There are various symbols of Halloween such as Halloween black cats, bats, skeletons, witches, terrifying masks and carved pumpkins. These symbols are used to decorate homes, costumes, gift paper, cards, cookies, cakes and candy.
Carving pumpkins into Jack-o’-lanterns is a traditional Halloween custom. Today jack-o’-lanterns in the windows of a house on Halloween night let children know that there are presents or sweets waiting if they knock and say “Trick or Treat!”
There are many others traditional Halloween activities. Some of these include watching horror films, telling ghost stories and playing Halloween games. The most popular game is Bobbing for apples. This game is one of the traditional games used for fortunetelling on Halloween night. The rules of the game are easy. The first person who gets an apple out of the water without using hands would be the first to marry.
Also Halloween is sometimes called “Nutcrack Night” or “Snap-Apple Night”. Families sit usually by the fire and tell stories while they ate apples and nuts.
Christmas around the world: In Italy, children receive gifts from the good witch La Befana, old, bent and dressed in black.
In Spain, Mexico, Puerto Rico and South America, the Three Kings or Wise Men bring Christmas gifts to children, while in France children eagerly await the coming of Father Christmas or Pere Noel who brings their gifts.
In some cultures, Saint Nicholas travels with an assistant. The old bishop Sinterklass arrives in Holland on December 6 in his red bishop’s costume riding a white horse. In many port towns, he is said to have sailed in on a ship from Spain. Beside him walks Black Peter with a black sack and a book recording each Dutch child’s behavior through the year. Good children receive a gift from the bishop while bad children may be carried away in Black Peter’s sack.
In Germany Saint Nicholas also travels with a helper, known as Knecht Ruprecht, Krampus, or Pelzebock, and comes with a sack on his back and a rod or switches in his hand. Saint Nicholas gives gifts to good children, while those who have been bad are punished by the assistant with a few hits of a switch.
Swedish children wait for the gnome Jultomten, also called Julemanden or Julenisse, who dresses in red and carries a sack of gifts on his back. He flies in his sleigh pulled by the Julbocker, the goats of Thor, the god of thunder. Elves, called the Juul Nisse, hide in the attics of families throughout the year, eagerly waiting to help him. Children leave bowls of milk or rice pudding in the attic for the elves, hoping they will be empty in the morning.
There are several legends about St. Valentine's Day. One of the legends says that Valentine was Christian priest who lived in the 3 century A.D. He was put into prison by roman authorities for his teachings and was beheaded on February 14. According to the legend he performed a miracle — he cured his jailer's daughter of her blindness. Before the execution he wrote her a letter signed «From Your Valentine». Another legend says that the same Valentine wrote to children and friends who loved him from the jail.
According to another legend, Valentine was an Italian bishop who lived at about the same time. He was thrown into prison because he secretly married couples, contrary to the laws of the Roman empire. The legend says that he was burnt at the stake.
February 14 was also a Roman holiday. On this day young men randomly chose the name of the girl to escort to the festival. The custom of choosing a sweetheart on this day became very popular in the medieval Europe. Later this custom spread to American colonies.
Now, St. Valentine's Day is the day of sweethearts. On this day, people show their friends relatives and loved ones that they care. People send candy or flowers to those whom they love. Most people send «valentines», greeting cards named after St. Valentine's letters written from jail. Valentines can be sentimental and romantic, or funny and friendly. Valentines can be anonymous. Valentines can be heart-shaped or can carry hearts on them. People buy valentines or make them themselves.
Ребята отвечают на вопросы по прочитанной информации и получают 1 балл за каждый правильный ответ. Если они хотят заработать 2 балла, то они должны ответить на вопрос, предназначенный другой команде.
- Who were the first people who celebrated Halloween?
- When does Halloween take place?
- What is the name of carved pumpkins which people decorate their houses with?
- What is “Bobbing for apples”?
- What are other names of Halloween night? Why is it called so?
- Who do children in Italy receive gifts from?
- How many Wise men bring Christmas presents for children in Spain, Mexico, Puerto Rico and South America?
- Who is Black Peter?
- Are children in Germany punished for bad behavior during the year?
- What animals carry the sleigh of the gnome Jultomten which gives gifts to children in Sweden?
- Who was Valentine?
- When did Valentine live?
- What miracle did he perform according to one of the legends?
- What did Valentine secretly do in jail?
- What do people send nowadays to those whom they love?