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Ольга Володина The Truest Wisdom Петрозаводск - страница №4/4


Agree or disagree with the following statements. Give your arguments.

  1. Reading English fiction with a dictionary is very dull.

  2. If the book is very exciting, you "swallow" it.

  3. Nobody reads reference books for relaxation.

  4. Reading thick science fiction books is tiring.

  5. Very intelligent people don't read detective stories.

  6. Non-fiction books can't be inspirational.

  7. Travel books give you a lot of useful information.

  8. Unfortunately many young people are not in the habit of reading poetry.

  9. Great book-lovers never lend their books.

  10. Lots of people buy books for their bright and beautiful jackets.

  11. Bookcases and bookshelves are the best kind of decoration for a living-room.

  12. It's of no use collecting book issues of magazines and newspapers


Answer the questions in groups and sum up common trends.

  1. When did you learn to read? Does your family read a lot of books?

  2. What are the books everybody should read as a child?

  3. Can you name a few books that left a lasting impression on you? Be specific.

  4. Do you enjoy reading books that require an effort to understand their meaning or do you think that it's possible to express with lucidity the most subtle reflection?

  5. Do you prefer emotional or dig and factual tone?

  6. How and why do you select books? Is the physical appearance an important factor? What kind of books do you prefer to read?

  7. Has it ever happened that you first saw a TV or screen version (adaptation) of a classic and later read the book? How can you evaluate the experience?

  8. What do you think about the impact of television on voluntary reading? Would you say that television and watching way actually inspire or discourage reading?

  9. In the modern world are books the only vehicle of learning? Or are they the most important?


Share your opinions on the expressions of famous people.

  1. "Old wood best to burn, old wine to drink, old friends to trust and old authors to read". (F. Bacon.)

  2. "Tell me what you read and I will tell you what you are." (W. Goethe.)

  3. "What's the use of a book," thought Alice, "without pictures or conversations?" (L Carroll.)

  4. "No furniture is so charming as books, even if you never open them and read a single word." (S. Smith.)

  5. "I would sooner read a time-table or a catalogue than nothing at all." (W. S. Maugham.)

  6. "Never read any book that is not a year old." (R. Emerson.)

  7. "Reading is the best learning." (A. Pushkin.)

  8. "Bad books are worse than useless; they are harmful." (L. Tolstoy.)

  9. "Books are a great thing as long as you know how to use them." (A. Block.)


Comment on the sayings:

  1. The person who doesn't read has no advantage over the person who cannot.

  2. Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.

  3. A house looks glum and joyless without books.

  4. If the book is worth reading it is worth buying.

  5. Books and friends should be few and good.

  6. A good children's book has no age limit.


Приложение III.
1. Тест-задание на выявление уровня знаний английской и американской литературы

1. Answer the following questions.



  1. Who are your favorite English and American writers?

  2. Can you name a few books of English and American writers that left a lasting impression on you?

2. Match the novel type with its characteristics. (Сопоставьте литературные жанры с их характеристиками).




  1. Adventure novels




  1. Historical novels




  1. Horror and

macabre novels


  1. War novels




  1. Romans and love novels




  1. Animal novels




  1. Satirical novels




  1. Spy and espionage novels




  1. Science fiction

(Sci-fi) novels

10.Crime and detective novels


  1. This type of novel is written on the basis of historical events.

  2. In this type novel some central character usually goes through all sort of unusual and dangerous adventures, often in search of hidden wealth.

  3. These novels may be about monsters, supernatural powers (especially those of evil) or places and buildings (e.g. castles) where strange and frightening happenings occurs.

  4. These novels are about murder or theft. Early in the story a crime is committed and the rest of the book is concerned with solving of it. Such novels are sometimes called “WHODUNNIT” (Who did it?).

  5. This type of novel is about secret agents, espionage and counter espionage and all the mystery and danger that go with them.

  6. These novels usually center round a story which is about the course of love between a man and a woman, its ups and downs, sometimes its final triumph in the uniting of the two lovers.

  7. These novels make fun of human fallings, political and religious organizations, habits and social customs, the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak.

  8. These novels are written on war themes.

  9. These novels deal with travels to other planets or other solar systems, with imagined galactic wars and empires, with contacts with alien races, with future evolution of the human race.

  10. These novels are centered round an animal.

3. Point out two examples of English or American books on every literary genre? Don’t forget to write the name of the author. (Дайте два примера англоязычных произведений каждого литературного жанра, укажите их авторов.)

4. What is your favorite genre? Why?

5. Make a list of a) positive attributes and b) negative characteristics of books. (Составьте список положительных и отрицательных характеристик книг).

6. What kind of literature do you read? Why?

7. How do you select books for your private home library? Can you point out the definite criterions of your choice? (Как вы выбираете книги для домашней библиотеки? Каковы основные критерии выбора?)

8. Has it ever happened that you first saw a TV or screen version (adaptation) of a classic and later read the book? If yes, name the books. Was the experience positive or disappointing? (Какие англоязычные книги вы прочитали после просмотра экранизации? Был этот опыт положительным или разочаровывающим?)

9. Match the author and his/her literary work(s).



  1. John Steinbeck

  2. Oscar Wilde

  3. William Somerset Maugham

  4. John Fowles

  5. Irwin Shaw

  6. J. Galsworthy

  7. Iris Murdoch

  8. Francis Scott Fitzgerald

  9. Theodore Dreiser

  10. D. Salinger

  11. Ernest Hemingway

  12. William Golding

  13. Graham Greene

  14. Richard Aldington

  15. Daniel Keyes

  1. The Catcher in the Rye

  2. Our Man in Havana

  3. Flowers for Algernon

  4. The Razor’s Edge

  5. Of Human Bondages

  6. Whom the Bell Tolls

  7. The French Lieutenant’s Woman

  8. Rich Man, Poor Man

  9. The Great Gatsby

  10. The Grapes of Wrath

  11. The Moon and Sixpence

  12. Theatre

  13. Sister Carrie

  14. The Picture of Dorian Grey

  15. The Black Prince

  16. Cakes and Ale or the skeleton in the cupboard

  17. Death of a Hero

  18. An American Tragedy

  19. The Old Man and the Sea

  20. Lord of the Flies

  21. The Collector

  22. The Forsyte Saga

10. а) Expand on the list of English and American classical literature that should be read by everyone. (Продолжите список английской и американской классической литературы обязательной для прочтения.); b) Share your opinion of those ones you have read. (Представьте ваше мнение о тех, которые вы прочитали (помимо изученных по программе литературного образования.)

11. Note down 5 main features of the literary manner and style of any author from Task 9. (Напишите 5 основных характеристик манеры и стиля любого писателя из списка в задании 9).

12. Advise your groupmates to read any book from task 9. (Порекомендуйте студентам своей группы прочитать одну из книг в задании 9.)



2. Тест-задание на выявление уровня развития умения

работать с иноязычным литературным текстом

  1. What is literature? Give definitions of literature. (Дайте определение понятия литература.)

  2. Here are a number of quotations which ‘define’ literature. (Предлагаются несколько определений литературы.)

a) Which definitions conform most closely to your idea of what literature is? Why? (Какие определения соответствуют вашему пониманию литературы? Почему?)

b) Which definition(s) do you reject? Why? (Какие определения вы отвергаете? Почему?)



  1. Great literature is simply language charged with meaning to the utmost possible degree.

  2. Literature is the question minus the answer.

  3. Literature, fiction, poetry, whatever, makes justice in the world. That’s why it is almost always on the side of the underdog.

  4. Literature is a special use of language which deviates from ‘practical’ language. Practical language is used for acts of communication, while literary language has no practical function at all.

  5. Literature is the use of language to evoke a personal response in the reader.

  6. Literature means … to meet a lot of people, to know other different points of view, ideas, thoughts, minds … to know ourselves better.

  1. What are the features of a literary text? (Какие основные характеристики литературного текста?)

  2. Read through each of the following texts and decide whether or not it is a literary text. If not, then mark where the text might have been taken from. Note down the words that help you to make your decision (Прочитайте предложенные тексты, определите какие из них являются литературными. Укажите, откуда могли быть заимствованы другие тексты. Укажите слова, подтверждающие ваше решение).

  1. Before the lessons the plans and materials of the lesson were collected. During the lessons the teacher was videotaped by one camera and the pupils by the other. The speech of the pupils was recorded by the tape recorders. The teachers also sent reflections on the lessons. The researcher held a diary on the events in the lesson.

  2. For months I lay awake and plotted to kill my ex-husband. But I knew I’d bungle it and get caught, so I wrote a book instead.

  3. The solar battery was first tried as a source of power for rural telephone lines in sunny climates. Within two years it was being sent aloft to provide power for the instruments aboard satellite.

  4. That was in May. In November a cold, unseen stranger, whom the doctors called Pneumonia, went from place to place in the district where they lived, touching people here and there with his icy fingers. Mr. Pneumonia was not what you would call a kind old gentleman.

  5. It goes without saying that before looking at canvases you are supposed to know something about the artist who created them, about the time in which he worked, about the artist’s style and technique.

5. Why study Literature? a) Below is a list of reasons for reading and studying literature. Arrange the reasons in order of importance; the first one is the most important. (Распределите причины чтения и изучения литература в порядке значимости, первая - самая главная.)

Literature should be used in the English language lesson because:



  1. it is motivating

  2. it is authentic material

  3. it has general educational value

  4. it helps to understand another culture

  5. it is a stimulus for language acquisition

  6. it develops interpretative abilities

  7. it encourages to talk about opinions and feelings

  8. it is enjoyment and funny

  9. it is highly valued and has a high status

b) What other reasons for studying literature do you want to add to the list? (Какие другие причины вы можете указать?)

6. Read through student problems with a literary text. What problems do you face and how do you overcome them? (Прочитайте список трудностей работы с литературным текстом. Какие проблемы встретились вам? Как вы их преодолели?)



  • Motivation: a)lack of confidence, b)contents of the text uninteresting, c)texts not relevant to passing exams in English, d)don’t read much in own language;

  • Comprehension: a)following the plot, b)understanding the character, c)understanding vocabulary, d)understanding the role of the narrator;

  • Making interpretations: a)confident to make own interpretations, b)coping with ambiguity;

  • Inadequate reading strategies: tendency to focus on every word rather than general meaning;

  • Appreciating the style;

  • Understanding the cultural background to the text.

7. Examine the list of activities and tasks; match them according to goals. (Изучите предложенный список работы с литературным текстом и практические задания, сопоставьте их по задачам.)

  1. Pre-reading activities:

1.A helping with cultural background,

1.B stimulating student interest in the text,

1.C pre-teaching vocabulary;


  1. While-reading activities:

2.A helping to understand the plot,

2.B helping to understand the characters,

2.C helping with difficult vocabulary,

2.D helping with style and language;




  1. Post-reading activities:

3.A helping to make interpretations of the text,

3.B understanding narrative point of view,

3.C follow-up writing activities,

3. D follow-up fluency practice.




  1. Write a review of the text

  2. Choose from a list of adjectives the ones for describing a particular character

  3. Provide multiple choice questions to guess the meaning

  4. Read about the author’s life or the historical and cultural background of the text

  5. Predict the genre

  6. Write a brief summary of the plot in 50 words

  7. Brainstorm a lexical set which is important in the story

  8. Read and discuss critical literary writing about the author or his/ her works in general

  9. Analyze a section of the text

  10. Match the words with their definitions

  11. Debate on general questions focusing on the main points in the text

  12. Roleplay or act out a scene from the text

  13. Write a letter describing the events of the text

  14. Focus on a particular grammatical problem

  15. Give titles to each paragraph

  16. Re-order the ‘jumbled’ sentences which summarize the plot

  17. Predict about the text based on some words

  18. Write ‘references’ for different characters

8. Expand on the list of tasks on the offered activities. (Дополните список упражнений по предложенным видам работы с текстом.)


3. Тест - задание на выявление уровня самоопределения личности студентов в результате работы с англоязычным литературным материалом

  1. What were your emotions evoked by the first few chapters of the novel?

  2. What impression had the novel made on you by the end of reading?

  3. Why does (doesn’t) it differ from the first one?

  4. What feelings does the book arouse? Why?

  5. Why were you offered this book for reading, analyzing and studying? Make you suggestions.

  6. What philosophical, ethic problems are raised in the book? List them.

  7. Do these problems seem up-to-date? Why?

  8. What are the values the author emphasizes in the novel?

  9. Explain the author’s choice of the novel’s title.

  10. What is the author’s attitude to the main character(s)?

  11. What is your attitude to the main character(s)? Did it change while reading the book? If yes, why? And in what episode(s)?

  12. What is the difference between a positive character and an ethic ideal?

  13. Which character(s) of the book can you call a (humanistic) ideal (or close to it)?

  14. What traits of his / her character make you think so?

  15. Which character(s) of the book is (are) negative? Make his / her psychological portrait.

  16. What themes for discussions, written analysis or just thinking does this literary work evoke? Write your comments on each of them.

Приложение IV.
Список литературы для внеаудиторного чтения
АНГЛИЙСКАЯ ЛИТЕРАТУРА

Уильям Шекспир - трагедии (“Гамлет”, “Король Лир”, “Ромео и Джульетта”), комедии



William Shakespeare “The Tragedy of Hamlet”, “King Leo”,

The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet”;

Даниэль Дефо “Робинзон Крузо”

Daniel Defoe “Robinson Crusoe”;

Джонатан Свифт “Путешествия Гулливера”



Jonathan Swift “Gulliver’s Travel”;

Генри Филдинг “История Тома Джонса, найденыша”



Henry Fielding “The History of Tom Jones, a Founder”;

Вальтер Скотт “Айвенго”, “Роб Рой”, “Квентин Дорвард ”



Walter Scott “Ivanhoe”, “Rob Roy”, “Quentin Durward”;

Чарльз Диккенс “Посмертные записки Пиквикского клуба”, “Домби и сын”, “Тяжелые времена”



Charles Dickens “The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club”,

Dombey and Son”, “Hard Times’;

Уильям Мейкпис Теккерей “Ярмарка тщеславия”

W.W. Thackeray “Vanity Fair”;

Томас Гарди “Тэсс из рода д’Эрбервилей”



Thomas Hardy “Tess of the d’Urbervilles”;

Роберт Луис Стивенсон “Остров Сокровищ”



R.L. Stevenson “Treasure Island”;

Артур Конан Дойль “Приключения Шерлока Холмса”



Arthur Conan Doyle “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes”;

Оскар Уайльд “Портрет Дориана Грея”



Wilde Oscar “The Picture of Dorian Gray”;

Джеймс Джойс “Улисс”



James Joyce “Ulysses”;

Вирджиния Вульф “Комната Джекоба”, “К маяку”



Virginia Woolf “Jacob’s Room”, “To the Lighthouse”;

Дэвид Герберт Лоуренс “Сыновья и любовники”,

“Любовник леди Чаттерлей”

D.H. Lawrence “Sons and Lovers”, “Lady Chatterley’s Lover”;

Бернард Шоу “Дом, где разбиваются сердца”, “Пигмалион”



Bernard Shaw “Heartbreak House”, “Pygmalion”;

Герберт Уэллс “Машина времени”, “Война миров”, “Человек-невидимка”



H.G. Wells “The Time Machine”, “The War of the Worlds”,

The Invisible Man”;

Джон Голсуорси “Сага о Форсайтах”

John Galsworthy “The Forsyte Saga”;

Сомерсет Моэм “Бремя страстей человеческих”, “Луна и грош”, “Раскрашенная вуаль”, “Пироги и пиво: или скелет в шкафу”, “Театр”



W.S. Maugham “Of Human Bondage”, “The Moon and Sixpence”, “The Painted Veil”, “Cakes and Ale: or the Skeleton in the Cupboard”, “Theater”;

Ричард Олдингтон “Смерть героя”



Richard Aldington “Death of a Hero”;

Джон Бойнтон Пристли “Эта старая страна”



J.B. Priestley “It’s an Old Country”;

Грем Грин “Тихий Американец”, “Суть дела”, “Комедианты”



Graham Green “The Quiet American”, “A Burn-Out Case”,

The Comedians;

Уильям Голдинг “Повелитель мух”

William Golding “Lord of the Flies”;

Айрис Мердок “Под сетью”, “Черный принц”



Iris Murdoch “Under the Net”, “The Black Prince”
АМЕРИКАНСКАЯ ЛИТЕРАТУРА

Френсис Фенимор Купер “Последний из могикан”, “Следопыт”, “Пионеры”, “Прерия” др.



F.F. Cooper “The Last of the Mohicans”, “The Pioneers of the Sources of the Susquehanna”, “The Spy”, “Prairie”;

Ральф Уолдо Эмерсон “Американский ученый”



R.W. Emerson “The American Scholar”;

Эдгар Алан По “Падение дома Ашеров”, “Маска красной смерти”, “Вильям Вильсон”, “Лигейя” и другие рассказы



Edgar Allan Poe “The Fall of the House of Usher”, “The Masque of the Red Death”, “William Wilson”, “Ligeia”;

Герман Мелвилл “Моби Дик”



Herman Melville “Moby-Dick”;

Марк Твен “Том Сойер”, “Приключения Гекльберри Финна”, рассказы



Mark Twain “Tom Sawyer”, “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”;

Теодор Драйзер “Сестра Кэрри”, “Американская трагедия”, “Трилогия желаний”: “Финансист”, “Титан”, “Стоик”



Theodore Dreiser “Sister Carrie”, “An American Tragedy”, “The Financier”,

The Stoic”, “The Titan;

Джек Лондон “Сын волка”, “Морской волк”, “Мартин Иден”, “северные рассказы” (“Любовь к жизни”, “Тропою ложных солнц” и другие)

Jack London “The Sea Wolf”, “Martin Eden” and others;

Френсис Скотт Фицджеральд “Великий Гэтсби”, “Ночь нежна”



F.S. Fitzgerald “The Great Gatsby”, “Tender is the Night”;

Эрнест Хемингуэй “И восходит солнце”, “По ком звонит колокол”, “Прощай, оружие”, рассказы



Ernest Hemingway “Fiesta: The also Rises”, “For Whose the Bell Tolls”,

A Farewell to Arms”, stories;

Уильям Фолкнер “Особняк”, “Свет в августе”

William Faulkner “The Mansion”, “Light in August”;

Джон Стейнбек “Гроздья гнева”



John Steinbeck “The Grapes of Wrath”
АМЕРИКАНСКАЯ ЛИТЕРАТУРА (II пол. ХХ в.)

Д.Д. Сэлинджер “Над пропастью во ржи”



J.D. Salinger “The Catcher in the Rye”,

Р. Эллисон “Человек-невидимка



Ralph Ellison “The Invisible Man”,

С.Беллоу “Приключения Оги Марча”



Saul Bellow “The Adventures of Augie March”,

Д. Керуак “На дороге”



Jack Kerouac “On the Road”,

Д. Апдайк “Кролик, беги”



John Updike “Rabbit, Run”,

Д. Хеллер “Поправка -22”



Joseph Heller “Catch- 22”;

К. Кизи “Кто-то пролетел над гнездом кукушки”



Ken Kesey “One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest”,

Д. Болдуин “Другая страна”



James Baldwin “Another Country”,

Т. Пинчон “V”



Thomas Pynchon “V”,

Н. Мэйлер “Американская мечта”



Norman Mailer “An American Dream”,

Д. Барт “Козлоюноша Джайлс”



John Barth “Jiles the Goat-Boy”,

К. Воннегут “Колыбель для кошки”, “Бойня номер пять, или крестовый поход детей”



Kurt Vonnegut “Cat’s Cradle”, “Slaughterhouse-Five or Children’s Crusade”,

Д. Апдайк “Кролик исцелившийся”



John Updike “Rabbit Redux”;

Д. Гарднер “Диалоги с Солнечным”



John Gardner “Sunlight Dialogues”,

Э. Джонг “Боязнь полета”



Erica Jong “Fear of Flying”,

Э. Доктороу “Рэгтайм”



Edgar Doctorow “Ragtime”,

Д. Ирвинг “Мир по Гарпу”



John Irving “The World According to Garp”,

С. Кинг “Противостояние”



Stephen King “The Stand”,

Д.К. Оутс “Ангел Света”



J.C. Oates “Angel of Light”,

Д.Апдайк “Кролик разбогател”



John Updike “Rabbit is Rich”;

Л. Эрдрич “Любовное лекарство”



Louise Erdrich “Love Medicine”,

Д. Де Лилло “Белый шум”



Don Delillo “White Noise”,

Т. Моррисон “Любимая”



Toni Morrison “Beloved”,

Т. Вулф “Костер Тщеславия”



Tom Wolfe “The Bonfire of the Vanities”,

Т. Клэнси “Охота за “Красным Октябрем”, “Кремлевский Кардинал”



Tom Clamcy “The Hunt of the Red October”, “The Cardinal of the Kremlin”,

Э.Тан “Клуб радости и удачи”



Amy Tan “The Joy Luck Club”,

Д. Апдайк “Кролик на отдыхе”



John Updike “Rabbit at Rest”;

Э. Прул “Корабельные новости”



Annie Proulx “The Shipping News”,

Д. Гришем “Фирма”, “Непослушное жюри”



John Grisham “The Firm”, “The Runaway Jury”,

Р. Бэнкс “Закон Скелета”



Russel Banks “Rules of the Bone”,

Г. Джен “Мона в стране обетованной”



Gish Jen “Mona in the Promised Land”,

Д. Де Лилло “Подземный мир”



Don DelilloUnderworld,

Т. Вулф “Человек в полную величину”



Tom Wolfe “A Man in Full”
СПИСОК ДЕТСКОЙ АНГЛИЙСКОЙ

И АМЕРИКАНСКОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ

Avery G. “The Elephant War”

Ballantyne R.M. “The Carol Island”

Bambeger R. “My First Big Story Book”

Barrie J.M. “Peter Pan”

Baum L.F., Sandburg G., Thurber J., White E.B. Fairy Tales

Blume J. “Super fudge”

Blyton E. “Well, Really, Mr. Twiddle”

Bulla C.R. “Viking Adventures”

Carrel L. “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland”, “Through the Looking-Glass”

Frank Baum L. “The Wizard of Oz”, “The Marvelous Land of Oz”

Gang S.C. “The Lost Campers”

Hurwitz J. “Tough-Luck Karen”

Kipling, Rudyard “All Mowgli Stories”

Meretzky S. Eric “The Forces of Krill”, “The Manifesto Quest”,

The Cavern of Doom”

Milne A.A. “Winnie - The Pooh”

Mr. Fox and his Friends Fairy Tales

Proysen A. “Mrs. Pepperpot to the Rescue”

Rackham A. “Mother Goose”, Nursery Rhymes

Riordan J. “A World of Folk Tales”

Salten F. “Bambi”

Sidney M. “The Five Little Peppers Midway”

White E.B. “Stuart Little”, “Charlotte’s Web”



Wilder L.I. “Little House in Big Woods”, “Little House in the Prairie”, “On the Way Home”, “Farmer Boy”, “The Long Winter”

Приложение V
Творческие работы студентов
















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Плохие власти выбираются хорошими гражданами, которые не голосуют. Джордж Джин Нейтан
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