Инструкция по выполнению работы Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит - страница №1/1
Инструкция по выполнению работы
Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из четырех разделов, включающих 46 заданий.
Раздел 1 (Аудирование) включает 15 заданий, из которых первое – на установление соответствия и 14 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из трех предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение Раздела 1 – 30 минут.
Раздел 2 (Чтение) включает 9 заданий, из которых 2 задания на установление соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение Раздела 2 – 30 минут.
Раздел 3 (Грамматика и лексика) включает 20 заданий, из которых 13 заданий с кратким ответом и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырех предложенных. При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом вы должны самостоятельно записать ответ в соответствующем месте работы. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение Раздела 3 – 40 минут.
По окончании выполнения заданий каждого из этих разделов не забывайте переносить свои ответы в Бланк ответов №1.
Раздел 4 (Письмо) состоит из двух заданий и представляет собой небольшую письменную работу (написание личного письма и письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения). Рекомендуемое время на выполнение этого раздела – 80 минут. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями или использовать для них отдельный черновик. Любые черновые пометки (черновик) не проверяются и не оцениваются. Оценке подлежит только вариант ответа, занесенный в Бланк ответов № 2.
Общее время проведения экзамена – 180 минут.
Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Постарайтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.
Раздел 1. Аудирование
Во время выполнения теста по аудированию перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного и повторного предъявления аудиотекста для внесения ответов.
A1 Tim went to Italy on holidays with his parents.
A2 It’s rather dangerous to drive in Italy.
A3 The Leaning Tower looked less impressive than Tim had expected.
А4 Tim was afraid of climbing the Tower.
A5 The Old Bridge in Florence looks like the Tower Bridge in London.
A6 Tim was unable to communicate with Italians because his Italian wasn’t very good.
A7 Tim tried different kinds of pizza in Italy.
A8 Albert was born in
A9 Albert gave up school because he
A10 Albert started his acting career
A11 Albert says that he
A12 Albert usually buys
A13 He spends a lot of time in therapy because he wants
A14 Albert wants to have plastic surgery because he would like to
Раздел 2. Чтение
A. The presumption of innocence is a legal right that the accused in criminal trials has in many modern countries. The burden of proof is thus on the prosecution. It has to collect and present enough compelling evidence to convince the jury of the fact that beyond a reasonable doubt the accused has broken the law. In case of remaining doubts, the accused is to be acquitted.
B. Sarah and Lisa always enjoyed hanging out at the mall. But one Saturday, after shopping for jeans , Sara pulled a new shirt out of her bag. Lisa didn’t remember seeing her buy it. ‘I didn’t,’ Sarah told her. ‘I lifted it.’ Lisa was upset and puzzled. Stealing didn’t seem like something Sarah would do. Sometimes people do not realize the consequences of this crime.
C. Even families living in so-called ‘safe’ neighbourhoods are concerned. They may feel safe today, but there is always a reminder that violence can intrude at any moment. Polly Klaas and her family no doubt felt safe in Petaluma, California. But on October 1, 1993, she was abducted from her suburban home during a sleepover. If she can be abducted and murdered, so can nearly any other child.
D. The Internet is a great place to find information, make friends, keep in touch with others, and do business. There always are other sides as long as there is a criminal element. As our world becomes more computerized and even more interconnected, different kinds of computer crimes will continue to grow. These include break-ins of computers to get trade secrets or illegal entry for the thrill and challenge.
E. Movie violence these days is louder and bloodier than ever before. When a bad guy was shot in a black-and-white Western, the most we saw was a puff of smoke and a few drops of fake blood. Now the sights, sounds, and special effects often jar us more than the real thing. Slow motion and pyrotechnics conspire to make movies and TV shows more gruesome than ever.
F. University of Illinois psychologist Leonard Eron studied children at age eight and then again at eighteen. He found that television habits established at the age of eight influenced aggressive behaviour through childhood and adolescent years. The more violent were the programs preferred by boys in the third grade , the more aggressive was their behaviour, both at that time and ten years later.
G. In the debate about execution and human dignity, supporters and opponents of the death penalty have found very little common ground. Since the 18th century, those who wish to abolish the death penalty have stressed the significance of requiring governments to recognize the importance of each individual. However, supporters of this penal practice see nothing wrong with governments deliberately killing terrible people who commit terrible crimes.
Reality television is a genre of television programming which, it is claimed,
presents unscripted dramatic or humorous situations and features ordinary people rather than professional actors. It could be described A__________. Although the genre has existed in some form or another since the early years of television, B__________.
A15 – A21
The evidence for harmony in the family may not be obvious in some households. But it seems that four out of five young people now get on with their parents, which is the opposite of the popularly-held image of sullen teenagers locked in their room after endless family rows.
An important new study into teenage attitudes surprisingly reveals that their family life is more harmonious than it has ever been in the past: more than half of 13 to 18-year-olds get on with their brothers and sisters; and one in three has not argued with their parents during the past twelve months. Eighty-five per cent of 13 to 18-year-olds agree with the statement 'I'm happy with my family life,' while a majority said their lives were 'happy', 'fun' and 'carefree'. Only one in ten said they definitely did not get on with their parents.
'We were surprised by just how positive today's young people seem to be about their families,' said one member of the research team. 'They're expected to be rebellious and selfish but actually they have other things on their minds; they want a car and material goods, and they worry about whether school is serving them well. There's more negotiation and discussion between parents and children, and children expect to participate in the family decision-making process. They don't want to rock the boat.'
So it seems that this generation of parents is much more likely than parents of 30 years ago to treat their children as friends rather than subordinates. There are actual statements to back this up. 'My parents are happy to discuss things with me and make compromises,' says 17-year-old Daniel Lazall. 'I always tell them when I'm going out clubbing, or which girl I'm going out with. As long as they know what I'm doing, they're fine with it.'
Susan Crome, who is now 21, agrees. 'Looking back on the last ten years, there was a lot of what you could call negotiation... or you might have called it bribery. But as long as I'd done all my homework, I could go out on a Saturday night. But I think my grandparents were a lot stricter with my parents than that. I don't think they were that flexible with their children.' But maybe this positive view of family life should not be unexpected. It is possible that ideas of adolescence being a difficult time are not rooted in real facts. A psychologist comments, 'Our surprise that teenagers say they get along well with their parents comes because of a brief period in our social history when teenagers were identified as different beings. But that idea of rebelling and breaking away from their parents really only happened during that one time in the 1960s when everyone rebelled. The normal situation throughout history has been a smooth transition from helping out with the family business to taking it over.'
'The present generation has grown up in a period of economic growth, and as a result teenagers appear to believe much more in individualism and self-reliance than in the past. That has contributed to their confidence in the fairness of life, and thus to a general peace within the family unit.'
But is life really fair? Nine out of ten young people think 'if you work hard enough, you will get just rewards.' However, some recognized that this was not actually inevitable — and not always fair. 'If you have fewer opportunities and live in an inner city,' one 15-year-old boy told researchers, 'you've got to work 110 per cent. Otherwise you can work 50 per cent and get away with it.'
But greater family stability has to be a good place for young people to start out in life, and the findings of the study support this. In spite of some gloomy forecasts about the decline of the family, the future looks good!
1) it confirms previous findings.
2) it gives actual figures for its results.
3) it shows that most teenagers do not get on with their parents.
4) it identifies unexpected facts about family relationships.
A16 The research team was surprised that young people today
A17 According to the results of the survey, parents today differ from their own parents because they
A18 Daniel Lazall and Susan Crome
A19 The writer says that 'the positive view of family life should not be unexpected' because
A20 What do some young people think about life today?
A21 The purpose of the article is to
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
My First Time Online
What a Trick!
One summer, we settled A22______ cleaning up her room. As soon as we started, Lisa’s mom called her for some help. Vacuuming was my favourite part of cleaning, so I decided to clean up every spot. When I bent over to suck up the dust under the dresser, I found a book with the word DIARY on it.
The book was bright pink and looked more like old scraps of paper than a diary. Usually I would not snoop in private belongings, but when I picked it up from underneath the dresser I saw that the pages were messed up and I decided to put them back together. While doing so, I saw my name in a passage that really A23______ my attention: ‘It made me cry when Papa told me we’re
moving to Sri Lanka. He told me not to tell Nadine because it might break her heart. Well, I will just enjoy the last summer I have now.’
Friends help me realize my good qualities. Even though I felt A24______ over the situation, I decided not to spoil our friendship. At that point, I A25______ a vow to give Lisa the best summer I could.
The next day, Lisa had complete control. I A26______ her do things I even hated doing. We went to the boring museum. We watched her stupid brother, Line, do his band show. Finally, Lisa became A27______ of what I was doing. ‘Why are you doing all this? It’s not my birthday or anything.’
‘Lisa, I know you’re moving to Sri Lanka. I’ve read your diary,’ I confessed.
‘Are you talking about this?’ Lisa held up the same pink notepad I saw the previous day and started to laugh. ‘This notebook isn’t my diary. It was a novel I started on. I was making a story about you and me.’
I felt relieved but confused and I couldn’t A28______ but ask. ‘What about the title? It does say ‘DIARY’ on it?’
‘I put that there so no one would read it until I finished. Do you really think I would move to Sri Lanka and not tell you? Ha, that’s a laugh!’ Lisa exploded with unstoppable laughter.
Раздел 4. Письмо
You have 20 minutes to do this task.
This is part of a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Nicole who writes
Write a letter to Nicole. In your letter:
Write 100 –140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
You have 60 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement:
Write 200 – 250 words.
Use the following plan: